The use of severe cold to freeze and eliminate aberrant tissue is known as cryotherapy. Many skin disorders (such as warts and skin tags) and some malignancies, including prostate, cervical, and liver cancer, are treated with it. Cryoablation is the other term for this.
What is cryotherapy?
Cryotherapy is a treatment that involves freezing and killing aberrant tissue using intense cold. Your doctor will put an ample amount of nitrogen or argon gas to achieve this extreme cold. It is generally used to treat a variety of skin conditions (such as warts and skin tags) as well as some skin cancers, such as cervical, prostate, and liver cancer. Cryotherapy can be used to treat skin diseases as well as tumors such as prostate and pancreatic cancer. This therapy can be used both topically (on the skin) and internally (in the body) to treat tissue (inside the body). Cryoablation is another name for this procedure.
Why do specialists use cryotherapy?
Cryotherapy is a non-invasive treatment. This technique removes unhealthy or damaged tissue that has been caused by a variety of medical conditions. Cryotherapy is usually performed without open surgery. Following surgery, the majority of patients recover swiftly and with little discomfort.
How does Cryotherapy work?
Cryotherapy is when a healthcare expert applies intense cold to aberrant tissue. Cells are unable to withstand the extreme cold and perish as a result of therapy. Your healthcare professional might employ a variety of chemicals to achieve the severe cold utilized in cryotherapy. These compounds might include the following:
- Argon gas.
- nitrogen in liquid form.
- Nitrous oxide in liquid form.
What type of cryotherapy will be used by my healthcare provider?
Cryotherapy uses a variety of techniques to freeze tissue. The manner in which your healthcare practitioner administers the cold is determined by where the aberrant tissue is located.
External: If the tissue is on your skin, your physician will usually administer the freezing chemical with a piece of spraying equipment or a cotton swab.
Internal: Your physician will use a cryoprobe to treat issues inside the body, such as precancerous cells or a tumor. This probe is put into your skin through a tiny incision (cut).
External cryotherapy causes frozen skin to blister and peel away, allowing for the development of new, healthy skin in its place.
How should I prepare?
Most individuals don’t need to do anything in particular to prepare their skin for this. Your healthcare practitioner will offer you instructions to assist you in preparing for internal cryotherapy.
You may need to stop taking some medications, such as aspirin or blood thinners, a few days before internal cryosurgery. Other one-of-a-kind instructions might include:
- Limit the amount of food and fluids you consume before the procedure.
- Make plans for someone to drive you home after your procedure.
What should I expect during the procedure?
If you get external cryotherapy, your healthcare professional will use a piece of spraying equipment or a cotton swab to deliver the cold. Liquid nitrogen is commonly used by providers for this sort of therapy.
The cryoprobe is placed through a tiny incision in your skin for internal cryotherapy. Your healthcare professional may use ultrasound imaging to direct the cryoprobe to the frozen tissue. You may be given local anaesthetic or general anesthesia, depending on the location of the aberrant cells. A local anesthetic numbs a specific area, but a general anesthetic puts you to sleep throughout surgery.
What should I expect after cryotherapy?
After receiving cryotherapy for an external skin problem, the treated region may become red and perhaps blister. After three days, any little discomfort should be gone. A scab will form on the treated region, which will recover in one to three weeks.
For up to three days after the procedure, you may have slight discomfort or soreness in the afflicted region. Women who have had cryotherapy on their cervix may develop a watery discharge for a few days to weeks.
Things To Prepare For Your Cryotherapy Session
When about to undergo cryotherapy, it would be useful to do your research in advance. This is especially true when it is your first time undergoing this type of process. Make sure you understand what is going to happen, what you are going to put your body through, and the whole what-nots of the therapy session. You also need to assess your body’s readiness, whether you deem it ready or not. You are the one who knows your body best, and so, you will know when you are ready or not. Once you reach a sound decision, you can start searching for and contacting therapists near you.
Wear minimal clothing when you go to your session. Cryotherapy is not a process you can do nude, as you would need to cover your feet, hands, and wear shorts or cotton underwear. Remove your jewelry too. The key is to keep it as simple as possible. Make sure that you are wearing dry clothes. It is important to make sure that you are entirely dry before you step into the cryotherapy chamber. Having something that contains moisture can contribute to frostbite.
It’s okay to move! While undergoing the process, you do not have to stiffen and avoid movement. In fact, you are free to move around a bit and help with your blood flow. If you are uncertain, you can ask your therapist as to how much you can actually move when inside the chamber.
Cryotherapy Exploring New Things
It can be scary to try new things, especially when they involve our well-being. This is where research comes in. It’s very essential to do research about something before going through it. This way, you will be able to avoid unnecessary expenses as well as hassle on your part. Inquiring with close friends and family members should also help you with your search. This way, you have trusted people tell you their experience, and in a way, you become ready for the process. You know your body and so, your decision is what ultimately matters. You have the last say for your own well-being.